Panama is within Central America, and sets between Columbia and Costa Rica. Its borders meet both the Caribbean Sea as well as the Pacific Ocean. It maintains an advantageous position on the Isthmus of Panama. As of 2000, Panama now directs and maintains the Panama Canal which connects the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea to the Northern Pacific Ocean. Panama finds itself 124th worldwide based on its size. The country is only 75,420 square kilometers.

The Darien Gap lies between Panama and Colombia and is occupied by an virtually impenetrable jungle. The impassability comes not just as a result of thick flora but as a result of possible meetings with Colombian guerillas and drug dealers, as well as jungle preservationists. All of these factors have created a division in the Pan-American Highway, which aside from this would offer a non-stop road from Alaska to Patagonia.

The Volcán Barú (formerly the Volcán de Chiriquí) stands out as the highest measured point in Panama. It rises to 3,475 meters (11,401 feet). More point on Panama’s map are the Darien Gap, the Pan-American Highway, its amazing coastlines, and its range of mountains and hills.

The country’s international boundaries with Colombia and Costa Rica are plainly identified on the map without disputes. Interestingly, the country asserts that the ocean bed of the continental shelf is a part of Panama. This underwater territory has been delineated by Panama as extending to the 500-meter submarine contour. Additionally, legislation in 1958 and 1968 maintained that Panama holds jurisdiction over underwater areas 12 nautical miles away from the coastlines and also claim a 200-nautical-mile Exclusive Economic Zone.

Another dominant element on Panama’s map is the range of mountains and hills making the continental divide. Close to the Colombian border these highlands are associated to the Andean range of South America. In the north they are not associated with North America’s extensive mountain lines, though. Close to the Costa Rican border Panama’s skyline is named the Cordillera de Talamanca. Moving eastward, the mountains turn into the Serranía de Tabasará. And eventually, the portion of the mountains along at the lower part of the isthmus, close to the canal, is named the Sierra de Veraguas. Mapmakers and geopgraphers typically refer to the range of mountains that run the whole way from Costa Rica to the canal as the Cordillera Central.

Instead of the North or South Coast, Panama’s map labels its coasts as the Caribbean and Pacific Coasts. Colombia is found to the east, with Costa Rica to the west. Offering directions can sometimes be difficult in Panama, especially without a map, due to of the country’s overall location and shape. An illustration – a ship traveling through the Panama Canal going from the Caribbean to the Pacific is going southeast rather than west. What’s more, Panama City’s sunrise can be found to the east – above the Pacific!

Panama’s map also shows its nine provinces. Their boundaries have stayed unchanged from the day of their institution at independence in 1903. Every province consists of districts. Every district is made up of corregimientos. The way these divisions are organized can change at regular intervals depending on how the population has changed. This information is determined by census reports.

The natural world is an important aspect of Panama and its map. Its jungles, mountains and coastlines make it the most diverse country in Central America when it comes to wildlife. Panama is a unique habitat. Both South American and North American species call it home.

Learn More about Panama at the voice of ministry of tourism in Panama


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